Spencer and I are a part of the Christmas activity committee with another couple. I made the invites.
I’ve been working on my oral presentation for German and now I’m finally done. Just finished my presentation about an hour ago and it went very well. It was about the Degenerate Art Exhibition in Germany (1937) and Expressionism in Germany. I recommend you google it. Very interesting.
Expressionism is an art movement that started up in the early 20th century. It attempted to create (through paintings, sculptures, literature, etc.) the inner feelings of the artists, rather than the realistic world around them. It was a rebellion against earlier art movements, such as naturalism.
(Evard Munch is not German, but his painting “The Scream” is a well-known example of expressionism)
Franz Marc was a famous expressionist artist around 1910. He painted with bright, primary colors that symbolized certain feelings such as spirituality (blue), joy (yellow), violence (red), and human desire. He also painted simple figures and had a special interest in horses.
He was also one of the founders of “Der Blaue Reiter” which was a group of expressionist artists that put on art exhibitions throughout Germany around 1910-1914. But the group broke apart during the start of World War I in which a couple of artists in “Der Blaue Reiter” (along with Marc) were killed.
But Marc was surely not forgotten even after years of his death. When Hitler came to power, he named expressionism “entartete Kunst” or “degenerate art.” Art that reverted Germans to a simple, less functional, organized people.
Entrance to the exhibition
Some of the rooms had themes–art that was demeaning toward religion, art that was demeaning toward German farmers, soldiers, and women, etc.
(Dadaism is not a part of expressionism, but both are parts of modernism, which the Nazis looked down upon.)
Hitler in the exhibition.
German Farmers – Look Yiddish (Yiddish is a dialect of German that some Jews spoke)
Sie hatten vier Jahre Zeit: They had four years’ time. After four years of National Socialistic rule, the artists still hadn’t adapted to the new German culture.
“Paid from the taxes of the hard-working German people.” The Nazis emphasized the fact that these “degenerate” art pieces were paid from the German’s own money, their own taxes.
A couple years later, Germany had a new art exhibition: The great german art exhibition in 1940. It showed the “pure” “real German” art, but this flier looks like greek art.
Nazis adapted greek art as their own. They wanted Germans to be seen as strong, masculine, and beautiful. Many of the sculptures are derived from greek art. The paintings, such as the German landscape, are very realistic, with probably no bright colors. The portrait of Hitler is very heroic. He looks strong and mighty. This was what “realistic German culture” was, said the Nazis.
Other paintings and sculptures from the great German art exhibition.
What does German expressionism and the “degenerate” art exhibition show about the German culture? Why is it important?
Only half the amount of people who went to the “degenerate” art exhibition attended the great German art exhibition. Why? What do you think?
Yeah. It was freaking awesome to learn about. I loved every second of it.